Questions tagged [welfare-economics]

A branch of economics that focuses on the optimal allocation of resources and goods and how this affects social welfare. Welfare economics analyzes the total good or welfare that is achieve at a current state as well as how it is distributed. This relates to the study of income distribution and how it affects the common good.

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2answers
117 views

Economic implications of allowing competition with essential services i.e police, fire department, etc

I'm wondering what are the implications of allowing competition between firms that deal with essential services in public welfare. I.e assuming there is no government regulation of such services, what ...
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141 views

Teaching ethics and its Economic value

Is there any literature that considers the benefits of ethical behaviour or teachings in Economics in terms of its value added to human capital? If there is no difference in value added, then is ...
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Transportation models in economics

How would one go about modelling the effectiveness of public transportation? More specifically how does one go about comparing two transit systems in terms of their ability to move a larger numbers of ...
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152 views

What is the relation among "welfare economics", "institutional economics", "environmental economics" and "neoclassical economics"

I'm doing research about environmental economics, being myself a beginner in the subject. I got confused with the branches and subdivisions of the schools of thought. Is environmental economics a ...
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73 views

The Economical "justification" of mass killings

Throughout history people have engaged in wars and mass killings. I'm sure similar stories exist in all parts of the globe, throughout the world. So what is the story? If the world revolves around ...
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Weak Axiom of Revealed Preference

Maybe this is a well-known fact that I have somehow overlooked or forgotten etc., but I found myself curious recently if there are any conclusions about WARP holding over different dimensions for a ...
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Why teach Arrow's impossibility theorem?

As part of a Macro class on social welfare, I am about to teach a very brief introduction to Arrow's impossibility theorem. The classic demonstration of this involves three voters choosing between ...
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61 views

Is an unconditional basic income pleasurable idea or it cannot be achieved? [duplicate]

I would like to know if you can tell me, what are economical theories that are in support of this kind of social system if any? Can this system be efficient?
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141 views

welfare economics journals

Does anyone know of journals related to welfare economics? If not, what is the next best alternative to find articles (preferably open access) related to current research in welfare economics? Thanks
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1answer
167 views

When were the First and Second Welfare Theorems proven? [closed]

What years and by who were the first and second welfare theorems first proven?
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3k views

Transformation Function

In Mas-Colell microeconomics textbook I have found that profit maximization problem (as well as many further optimization tasks) could be represented with application of some transformation function (...
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1answer
64 views

How huge is the multiplicator of social welfare in current societies? [closed]

If you give somebody with a high consummate some extra money, most likely it will be spent. Having this spent for e.g. groceries this will make sales man, farmer, ... employed so they pay taxes are ...
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Are obstructed views a negative externality?

I recently read an excellent paper on the causes of high urban real estate prices in the United States, Why is Manhattan so expensive? Regulation and the rise in house prices (GLAESER, GYOURKO, and ...
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336 views

What is a good AUSTERITY indicator?

I am writing a paper on European poverty and I am using a treatment control setup similar to Difference-in-Difference methods. Now, since the data I am using is rather recent, I would like to ...
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Why don't consumers subsidize monopolies?

Monopolies don't maximize welfare because they set prices above the equilibrium price, leading to dead-weight loss. It is possible for the government to provide a per unit subsidy to a monopoly until ...
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114 views

Is the standard of living of poor & middle class people higher than in the past?

I really hope this is not opinion based. I am just looking for numbers, links, straightforward proof if possible that the lifetime we are in now, this decade, most of us are living better than in the ...
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What Is Social Security Invested In?

As a self-employed business owner, I am paying approximately 15% of my income to social security, yet I keep hearing that they're "running out of money for it." I'm a little confused about this: 15% ...
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1answer
154 views

What would happen if total welfare were evenly distributed?

Suppose that there is a market with a large number of consumers and producers. Assume that the government knows the reservation prices of all people in the market. Suppose that the government uses ...
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1answer
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What is the purpose of the local non-satiation assumption in the first welfare theorem?

The profit maximization assumption implies $$\text{if } x_i \succ x_i^* \text{ then } p_ix_i > p_i w_i$$ Okay so this just says if the agent is utility maximizing / rational, then if he doesn't ...
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Impact of a reduction of distortions in a flat consumption tax

I ask about the survey results of some prominent Australian economists shown here (Which is a similar Australian-centric version of the very interesting IGM Forum Surveys). The results of the survey ...
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Proving or disproving hypothesis?

I took statistics class years ago in my college and I don't remember much of it now. I am into public policy research now and I am bit confused about about what conclusion to make from available ...
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90 views

What is aid money for natural disasters spent on?

It's often said that the best thing you can do to help after a natural disaster is to give money. I have a simple question about how and where that money is sent. I imagine often resources can be ...
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446 views

The Case for Basic Income in developed and underdeveloped countries

From what I can tell, the idea of the basic income guarantee is very popular in some circles as an excellent alternative to a lot of modern welfare systems. Has anybody developed a theoretic or ...
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Is a universal basic income possible in the United States?

Is a universal basic income or unconditional demogrant possible in the United States? (For the sake of specificity I have focused the question on the US, though the question is certainly interesting ...
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Policy relevance of the optimal taxation given uncertainty about social welfare specification

One common criticism in the optimal taxation literature is the specification of the social welfare function. The optimal taxation literature (I have the Mirrlees framework in mind) relies on first ...
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What are the fundamental theorems of welfare economics? [closed]

All of welfare economics is based on some theorems, some of which I can remember, but I am looking for a comprehensive list.
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Topological concepts in economic theory

QUESTION: What are the major or systematic applications of post-1960s mathematics to microeconomics? For example, in the late 19th century, Fisher first used the mathematical ideas of Gibbs to ...
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Under what conditions is a monopoly undesirable?

First of all, I realize that "undesirable" is an ambiguous term. So, to clarify, when is a monopoly undesirable under the following metrics? Pareto efficiency Reduces consumer surplus Social Welfare (...
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235 views

Optimality of Zero Capital Taxation

The Chamley-Judd result of zero optimal capital taxation says that 0 capital taxation are required in order to maximize welfare at the steady state. The result is 30 years old. Still assuming that ...

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