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14
votes
0answers
385 views

How do I use the Malliavin calculus to solve for the optimal trading strategy in the classic Merton problem?

How do I use the Malliavin calculus to solve for the optimal trading strategy in the classic Merton problem? In Duffie's book "Dynamic Asset Pricing," he outlines the "Martingale method" of solving ...
12
votes
0answers
248 views

How accurate is duality?

In economic theory we know that with the use of some calculus, Hotellings Lemma and Sheppards lemma we can derive a given firms supply function and in term its Profit function. With data of a given ...
12
votes
0answers
335 views

Can I refine the set of equilibria in a signaling game to the sender-optimal outcome?

Main question: I've been reading about communication games a lot, and I'm wondering if there are good criteria to select between two separating-ish equilibria. I think of a separating equilibria as ...
10
votes
0answers
680 views

Modern theory of integrability of demand?

I am aware of Hurwickz Uzawa work in integability, neatly summarized by Border http://people.hss.caltech.edu/~kcb/Notes/Demand4-Integrability.pdf I am wondering if there is any modern treatment of the ...
9
votes
0answers
648 views

How do I compute the relative risk aversion of Epstein-Zin preferences?

$$ \newcommand{\E}{\mathbb{E}} $$ Preface This question is related to this one about the elasticity of intertemporal substitution and this one about the definition of absolute risk aversion. (It's ...
9
votes
0answers
391 views

How can I test for autoregressive residual terms in a fixed effects panel Poisson model?

I have panel data for counts of new firms in different regions for six years. I am estimating a static poisson regression with multiplicative fixed effects$^*$; I have also tried to estimate a dynamic ...
8
votes
0answers
463 views

Calculus and Indifference Curves in an Urban Economics Example

I am reading the paper 'The Structure of Urban Equilibria' by Jan Brueckner. It uses a monocentric city model, where all consumers earn income $y$ at the centre of the city. They buy $q$ housing for ...
8
votes
0answers
289 views

Local and Central Wage Bargaining: What Is the Difference?

Consider the following setting: Profit maximizing firms with production functions $\Pi(w,L)$, where $w$ is the wage and $L$ is employment. Unions who want to maximize the expected utility of their ...
8
votes
0answers
254 views

Show that $W_t - \int_0^t \xi_s ds$ is forward-measure-Brownian

Definitions and stuff: Consider a filtered probability space $(\Omega, \mathscr F, \{\mathscr F_t\}_{t \in [0,T]}, \mathbb P)$ where $$T > 0$$ $$\mathbb P = \tilde{\mathbb P}$$ This is risk-...
8
votes
0answers
108 views

Queuing Discipline and Lipschitz Continuity

I was reading a paper by Platz and Østerdal (2014) titled "The curse of the first-in-first-out queue discipline". I was wondering about a particular section of it, particularly the part about last-in-...
8
votes
1answer
239 views

eBay economics - total revenue impact from expanding ecosystem by 1 seller

While I think my question is straight forward, I'm guessing the answer to it is anything but. Thanks in advance for any insight you may be able to offer, even if it's just a directional assist. Here'...
7
votes
0answers
77 views

Causes of trade deficit: Multiple views

I am trying to understand the causes and macroeconomic implications of running a trade deficit in the United States, and I came across a few different views on this topic. I'd like to know if there ...
7
votes
0answers
75 views

Replicating a state-space model

I am trying to replicate the results of Cochrane, 1998. Most of the paper is just describing the theory behind The Fiscal Theory of the Price Level. But from p. 42 he begins the econometrics aspect. ...
7
votes
1answer
85 views

Uniform bounds on rate of merging for Bayesian learners

Update. Cross posted at Cross Validated. In a well-known paper, Blackwell & Dubins (1962) show that the posterior probabilities of two Bayesian agents, whose priors agree on events of measure $0$,...
7
votes
0answers
171 views

Proofs in the Appendix A of Sannikov (2007)

I have a few questions about the proofs in Appendix A of Sannikov (2007), Games with Imperfectly Observable Actions in Continuous Time. In lemma 4, when he shows the Lipschitz continuity of $H_a(w,\...
7
votes
0answers
299 views

LEN-Model equivalency

Starting position is a principal-agent-model with incomplete information (moral hazard) and the following properties: Agent utility: $u(z)=-e^{(-r_az)}$ Principal utility: $B(z)=-e^{(-r_pz)}$ Effort ...
6
votes
1answer
181 views

Why is it possible to calibrate your subjective probabilities?

Humans tend to be overconfident in their predictions; when most people say that there's a 95% chance that something will happen, they're usually wrong far more than 5% of the time. Whereas what ought ...
6
votes
1answer
246 views

Labour markets and supply-side policies: too much stress put on the WS push factors?

In reading several macro textbooks, it seems that most of the supply-side policies tend to be focused on the labour supply side (wage setting curve), instead on the firm/labour demand side(price ...
6
votes
0answers
90 views

Why aren't there more super-stars in educational content delivery?

The super-star phenomena seems to happen in any field where the marginal cost of distribution is very low. I think teaching could be that way just as much as acting or playing basketball - at least as ...
6
votes
2answers
117 views

Increasing prevalence of price discrimination

It seems to me that the variation of prices for similar or identical products has grown over the last decade. A few examples: On major air routes, price differences between low-cost and traditional ...
6
votes
0answers
302 views

Dynamic Bertrand competition when players take turns

Consider the following game: There are two players, $i\in\{1,2\}$ Time is discrete and runs to infinity during periods $t=\{1,2,\ldots\}$ At eat point in time, players have a price $p_i(t)\in\mathbb{...
6
votes
0answers
111 views

How does a bank convert one currency to another?

Say for example I sell ZAR and buy USD. What happens behind the scenes so that the local ZAR bank is able to deposit USD into my account? Does the bank require some sort of USD cash reserve? How do ...
6
votes
0answers
53 views

Futures Market Books

Are there any recommendation for futures market or commodity trading books? I am not interested in trading myself, but would like to have a better understanding of it for my research.
6
votes
0answers
202 views

Has any progress been made on the Pacman Conjecture on Finite Time Horizons?

The Pacman conjecture states that the optimal strategy for monopolistic durable goods manufacturers is to set price high and slowly drop it (i.e. eating their way down the demand curve). Empirically ...
5
votes
0answers
37 views

Public Bads and Non-Excludability

The term "public bad" is sometimes used for "goods" which, like public goods, are non-excludable and non-rival, but which tend to lower rather than raise welfare. Air pollution is an example. For a ...
5
votes
0answers
61 views

Signalling Model (How to solve a differential equation?)

I'm currently reading "SAVING RATES AND POVERTY: THE ROLE OF CONSPICUOUS CONSUMPTION AND HUMAN CAPITAL" by Omer Moav and Zvika Neeman, and I encounter some problem deriving one of the equations. ...
5
votes
1answer
34 views

Perfect Substitution with a Continuum of goods?

Imagine I have a continuum of different goods indexed by $\omega \in [0,1]$. I have a household which consumes a quantity $C(\omega)$ of good $\omega$, and pays a price $P(\omega)$. The household has ...
5
votes
0answers
81 views

Auction mechanism with no trusted third-party

I have been using a double-auction mechanism to solve a two-sided market where multiple agents are competing to supply/use slices of a shared resource. The owner of the resource is a trustable third-...
5
votes
1answer
208 views

Labour-saving vs. Labour-augmenting technical change

I've read a number of posts on the above topic but none refers to published empirical papers. Google searches have been hopeless. Does anyone know of any paper on empirical derivation of technical ...
5
votes
0answers
228 views

Pure exchange economy: Set of multiple equilibria endowments

Initial endowments which can result in multiple equilibria in a pure exchange economy are explained here. Given a pure exchange economy, that is given the utility functions (which fulfil the usual ...
5
votes
0answers
43 views

Letting clients/guest reserve their space vs keeping space clear so that it is available for people who really need it at the moment

Everybody knows that moment when you are in search for a beach lounger but everything is covered by towels, yet the people who placed them there are untraceable, often back at the hotel or in the town ...
5
votes
0answers
197 views

Fact-checking Dan Ariely (2008) on Duke basketball tickets story

In Predictably Irrational (2008, pp. 127-133), Dan Ariely describes the Krzyzewskiville phenomenon (Duke students camp for weeks to get basketball tickets), and how he and Ziv Camron used it to study ...
5
votes
0answers
32 views

VCG mechanism with a minimum payment threshold

Suppose that we want to find a socially-optimal allocation in the following setting: There are $n$ firms and $m$ workers. Each firm $i$ needs one worker and has value $v_i$ for having a worker (any ...
5
votes
0answers
78 views

How do you strategically vote to put someone in last place?

I watch a dumb reality TV show which has a certain number of contestants to start with, and every week one contestant is eliminated. Here's how the elimination process works. Every week a certain ...
5
votes
0answers
26 views

Why do co-ops dominate in certain markets rather than more-conventional enterprises?

Why do co-ops dominate in certain markets rather than more-conventional enterprises? For example, the US dairy processing market seems to be dominated co-ops like Land'O Lakes and Dairy Farmers of ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Estimating the rental rate of capital from data

Take the classic optimization problem of the neo-classical firm: \begin{equation} \begin{array}{*2{>{\displaystyle}r}} \mbox{maximize (over $K, L$)} & f(K, L) - RK - WL \end{array} \end{...
5
votes
0answers
199 views

Arguments against inheritance tax

One of the arguments against inheritance tax is that it lowers the incentive to work for those close to retirement who have earnt enough money to be comfortable in old age. How much is this offset ...
5
votes
0answers
58 views

Game with predatory player (reference request)

I am interested in a multiplayer game where one player gains utility, not just by winning, but by seeing one other player (chosen in advance) lose (or come in last place if the game has an ordered ...
5
votes
0answers
168 views

Consumption-Leisure Elasticity

The macro-literature insists on a consumption-leisure elasticity of 0 to match the balanced growth fact of constant labor supply. Is there any paper that tries to evaluate this elasticity using ...
5
votes
2answers
632 views

Growth theory / Initial GDP: positive coefficient sign

I estimated growth regressions for several EU countries. In each of them, the sign of "initial GDP"'s coefficient is statistically significant but positive, which contradicts growth theory as well as ...
5
votes
0answers
195 views

How do supply chains form?

I am trying to put forth a theory for endogenous supply chain formation. A set of $K$ complementary tasks need to be performed to manufacture a good $G$. If manufactured, there exists a demand ...
5
votes
0answers
57 views

Are charitable donations on someone's behalf generally an effective incentive?

A study done in Sweden on 153 female, would-be blood donors showed surprising results. The women were divided into three groups– voluntary donation, paid donation, and paid donation with the ...
5
votes
0answers
95 views

Can repeated bidding in an auction make each player's type common knowledge?

In Benjamin Edelman, Michael Ostrovsky, and Michael Schwarz(2007), there's a hand-waving argument to justify their setting as a game of complete information: we assume that all values are common ...
5
votes
0answers
56 views

Empirical evidence on what makes a border adjustment successful at correcting a distortion without exporting externalities?

One of the challenges of constructing a national or regional market-correction scheme to remove the distortions from negative externalities, is that such a scheme is liable to create leakage: for ...
5
votes
0answers
78 views

Simulations Using Binomial Coefficients

In closed loop toy models with a fixed money supply, what are the downsides of calculating probable outcomes with a binomial coefficient? For example, given a toy economy where trades yield a profit ...
5
votes
1answer
112 views

Why is sugar cane still harvested manually in Brazil?

I read that up to 70% of Brazil's sugar cane in the Sao Paulo area is still harvested manually. Some workers are paid $1.50 per tonne. Why is it still being cut manually? Some possibilities: (1) farm ...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

utility maximization with nested Cobb–Douglas–CES preferences

I'm trying to understand the following paper: Hsieh & Ossa: A global view of productivity growth in China (2016). The pdf can be found here: https://faculty.chicagobooth.edu/chang-tai.hsieh/...
4
votes
0answers
80 views

Features of the set of Bayes Correlated Equilibrium in a single-agent decision problem with uncertainty

I would like your help to better understand the notion of Bayes Correlated Equilibrium (BCE) in a single-agent decision problem with uncertainty The notion of BCE is provided in this paper for a ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

Why don't governments exploit negative interest rates more than they currently do?

At the moment many governments, such as Finland's, are able to borrow money at negative interest rates. My question is: why don't they borrow as much money as possible while interest rates are ...
4
votes
0answers
32 views

Afriat theorem for negative goods

GARP and Afrait theorem assume that the alternative $x\in\mathbb R_+$ is always positive. In some economic contexts, such as financial choices, the attribute can be negative. I wonder if we can ...

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