# Tag Info

Using $\mathbb E$ for the expected value symbol, $E_R$ and $V_R$ for the mean and the avriance of returns $R$, for a utility function of the form $$U(R) = \ln(1+R)$$ the second-order Taylor expansion gives (ignoring the remainder) $$U(R) \approx \ln(1+E_R) + \frac{1}{1+E_R} (R- E_R) -\frac{1}{2(1+E_R)^2}(R-E_R)^2.$$ Then \mathbb E[U(R)] \approx E_R + 0 - \...