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It depends on what you mean with Harsanyi's axioms. If you are referring to Harsanyi's social aggregation theorem, then you should note that it relies on some Pareto Condition. In Harsanyi's original version, it is Pareto Indifference, but there are versions of the social aggregation theorem that use Weak Pareto or Strong Pareto. Sen's theorem on the ...


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Your question is a bit confused, because it mixes together several different things. For example, in the title, you mention Sen's Minimal Liberalism, but in the actual question, you don't mention Sen at all --- instead you talk in more general terms about "rights that cannot be taken ... in any situation". You mention "Harsanyi's axioms"...


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In its most general formulation, a social welfare function is just a utility function representing the preferences of "society as a whole" (or the preferences of a hypothetical "benevolent social planner" who makes decisions for the society). Let $X$ be some space of "social outcomes". (Social outcomes could be anything. But ...


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