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Is it consistent? How can we derive whether an estimator of the parameter is consistent or not?

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    $\begingroup$ It is inconsistent for the variance $\endgroup$
    – Bertrand
    Commented Oct 30, 2022 at 16:15

1 Answer 1


The definition of "consistent" is that the estimator approaches the truth as the sample size grows large. The parameter of interest is presumably $\mu_y$, the population expected value of $y$.

In this case, you just need to make assumptions on $y_i$ to determine if there is consistency.

If $\mu_y$ exists (not all distributions have a finite mean) and your data are independent and identically distributed, then by Kolmogorov's second strong law of large numbers,

$$\frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^ny_i \rightarrow^{a.s.} \mu_y $$

In English, the estimator is consistent. The superscript "a.s." denotes almost sure convergence.

  • $\begingroup$ Thank you for answering all of my questions! $\endgroup$
    – Sera
    Commented Oct 30, 2022 at 19:20

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