A framework is not a model of a specific system, but a way of formulating and studying a variety of systems. Classical mechanics, quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics are all really frameworks. In and of themselves, none of these makes direct predictions that can be ‘tested’ or ‘falsified’. For example, in classical mechanics one can write down the Hamiltonian of a hypothetical system and study the solutions of this problem, even if such a system has no existence in nature and therefore, the solutions cannot be compared to any experiment. Within a framework we can make a model of a chosen physical system and try to experimentally test it. If the model has been designed with suitable hindsight, it usually works up to some level of accuracy. We then test it by working to greater accuracy or varying the experimental parameters. What if the predictions of a model disagree with an experimental observation? There are several different conclusions that may be drawn: (i) the model is incomplete and can be improved by tweaking it; (ii) the model is inappropriate to the problem at hand, or (iii) the framework within which the model was formulated is actually inadequate.
My question is I have seen many models in economics like Solow models ,Ramsey model, Black–Scholes model etc. Do we have particular frameworks in economics ??