Questions tagged [foreign-exchange]

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Foreign exchange rates negative hypothetical scenario

Assuming Hypothetical scenario of foreign exchange rates between two countries as negative, Is this scenario possible in which circumstances and what could be the reasons for this scenario? Examples :...
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How are the rates between two currencies (fiat and cryptocurrecies) determined? [duplicate]

How are the exchange rate between two countries determined? For example how is exchange rate between the dollar and the euro established? My guess is it has to do with some form of demand/supply but I ...
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What are the macroeconomic options available to China for resolving the Evergrande bubble?

Partly inspired by this Noah Smith article. I was talking with a friend and we were trying to itemize what options might be available to the Chinese government to resolve the collapse of Evergrande. ...
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How do currency boards maintain a 100% foreign reserve backing in the presence of fractional reserve banking?

Under a currency board system, money in circulation has to be 100% backed by foreign reserves. Suppose the domestic currency (A\$) is 100% backed by a foreign currency (B\$), with a fixed 1:1 ratio. ...
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Are these two different cases when it comes to Forex Reserves?

In a forex reserve, what is the difference between "Buying US Dollars to pile up reserves" and "Using FPIs, remittances or exports to build up reserves" ? How differently do they ...
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Can an appreciating currency lead to inflation?

If a currency, e.g. the rupee (INR), is appreciating against, say, the USD, it possibly means that there is a high demand for the former. India could have net exports, high remittances, increasing ...
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Determining the effect of fiscal policy on foreign exchange market

I'm in AP (high school) Macroeconomics and I confirm if my thinking is right. Suppose the US and Taiwan are trading, and the US government decides to decrease taxes. I think this should have two ...
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1answer
38 views

Is there a way to trade currencies several times and end up with more money than one starts with?

Conjecture: The foreign price value of a currency is not absolute. Scenario: If the euro appreciates relative to the British pound and the price of the US dollar stays the same relative to the euro, ...
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1answer
49 views

The impact of a devaluation of the national currency under a fixed exchange rate system

I would really be thankful if any of you could check my answer to the following question. Question: Describe, using the IS-LM-BP model, the impact of a devaluation of the national currency under a ...
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Equities-dollar correlation

Equities-dollar correlation was mostly positive in the 2000s and switched to negative since the GFC. Are there any structural drivers explaining this change in correlation?
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1answer
67 views

How does one country peg its currency to another's? [closed]

For example, Belize has pegged its currency to the US dollar at an exchange rate of 2 Belize dollars to 1 US dollar. How does Belize do that?
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2answers
282 views

Why is the supply curve in the foreign-currency exchange market vertical?

In the book 'Economics' by Mankiw and Taylor the demand and supply curves on the foreign-currency exchange market are shown as follows: The supply equals the Net Capital Outflow (NCO). I would have ...
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Dynamics of interest rates, exchange rates and bond prices within the UIP

There are already a few questions about the workings of the UIP and the exchange rate. What I have basically taken from those discussions is that one always has to distinguish between the spot rate ...
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1answer
54 views

How does foreign trade work in a planned economy?

I know that in a planned economy all economic processes are ruled by the state and that there are disadvantages such as too much bureaucracy and that sometimes deals are not always met with demand... ...
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1answer
42 views

Is the forex market a form of bartering?

I had this showerthought that the forex market is pretty much currency bartering. The forex market seems to be different from commodity or stock markets in that you exchange one currency for another. ...
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2answers
28 views

Since the US-China Trade Deficit grew, would the USD be valued more now compared to the RMB?

I'm curious to see how broadening or narrowing a trade deficit would affect a currency pair.
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Size US Capital Account

I am not able to find the size of the capital account within the balance of payments for the US. Only "net" numbers, does anyone know the size of both sides of this account? They both seam to be ...
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113 views

Why does an increasing demand for dollars lead to the depreciation of a currency?

I am self studying some slides of a course on monetary economics. The source of the slides is Pilbeam, chapter 11 on the mechanism of the Bretton Woods system. I don't understand the following ...
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1answer
30 views

Why would oil suppliers choose a lower priced contract?

The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) futures contract has ranged from \$6 to \$20 in the last 48 hours. The May Shanghai International futures contract is 205 Yuan (CNY). At 7 CNY per USD, that comes ...
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300 views

How do you read currency exchange rates in terms of domestic and foreign currency?

I am having some issues understanding how to read exchange rates. E is the exchange rate I read online that if we have for example E\$/€, then the base currency in this case is the dollar and the ...
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1answer
53 views

Relationship between government expenditure and exchange rate?

I've read an increase in government expenditure can lead to increase the chances of currency crisis but shouldn't it lead to the opposite? Fiscal deficit ----> Govt will undertake borrowings --->...
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1answer
31 views

Do local taxes help in paying back foreign debts?

I always wonder if increasing local taxes could help countries in paying off the foreign debts? I think taxes generate income in local currency. While foreign debts (from IMF, World Bank etc.) are to ...
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3answers
101 views

Why is oil being traded in U.S. dollars?

I am trying to understand the concept of money,forex, depreciation of currency,devaluing,...(just the basic stuff). While I was reading about why oil is being traded in U.S. dollars, on the internet, ...
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How does exchange rate change with respect to interests?

If the central bank raises intereat rates, isn't the money supply now less and the exchange rate is greater? I have run into opposite statements and dont know how to approach this problem. Thanks in ...
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1answer
29 views

What prevents a government from issuing debt to finance riskier investments?

Germany has a 10Y bond yield of -0.336%. Meanwhile, Brazil has a 10Y bond yield of 6.415%. Why doesn't the German government issue bonds in order to buy Brazilian bonds? It seems a no-brainer win. ...
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1answer
122 views

Meaning of Exchange rate

Does exchange rate of local currency relative to US dollar mean LOC/USD or USD/LOC ?
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Forward exchange rates and inflation

Looking at forward rates, the exchange rate for the currency with the higher interest rate gets worse over time. This makes sense or else there would be an arbitrage opportunity to borrow in the low ...
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1answer
89 views

Relation between foreign currency reserve and exchange rate and others

What is the relationship between foreign currency reserve(USD) of a country with it's exchange rate (against USD), and also with export and import strength ? And if it's too complicated to explain, ...
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2answers
132 views

How does interest rate impact exchange rate?

When I’m using the forward exchange rate formula based on non-arbitrage theory, it tells me that a positive interest rate spread (i_domestic > i_foreign)would cause the forward exchange rate(units of ...
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2answers
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How is India able to increase its foreign exchange reserves despite historically running a trade deficit?

Balance of Trade: https://tradingeconomics.com/india/balance-of-trade Foreign Exchange Reserves: https://tradingeconomics.com/india/foreign-exchange-reserves Remittances do help (avg. \$4B/mo) but ...
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1answer
44 views

Monetary Approach to a depreciating currency

I am currently doing some research on the monetary approach to the effects of currency fluctuations on trade balance. It's been a while since I took an int econ class back in the undergrad, so I hope ...
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188 views

Effect of Import Tariff on Supply of Currency on Foreign Exchange Market

I'm struggling with this question below for my macroeconomics course. If Argentina were to impose a tariff on its imports, how will the supply of Argentina's currency and its exchange rate be ...
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1answer
199 views

What negative effects would result from globally fixing currency exchange rates?

Assuming one had the power to enact such a wide-ranging change, what would the negative effects of fixing the exchange rates between all currencies at the current rates, or the mean of the last week/...
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29 views

What is the impact of money "sent" to another country?

I've been thinking about this a lot and I am not sure I have understood correctly. I was thinking about, for example, migrant workers who send a portion of their income back home, or wealthy ...
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1answer
44 views

Who looses Forex if someone gains?

My understanding of forex exchange is that when there are two currencies cur1 and cur2, they are balanced in the world with a ...
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1answer
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Why is it a problem if a considerable amount of currency is hoarded by the enemy of the issuing government?

During WWII and after Pearl Harbor, the United States issued the Hawaii overprint notes because they feared the possibility that if the Japanese captured Hawaii they would also control a considerable ...
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The Crisis of Argentina

newbie here. Q1 - What needs to be done by the Argentinian government for their currency to regain back its strength? Q2 - Why has the Argentine Peso depreciated against the U.S Dollar for more than ...
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Exposure of two companies in a transaction involving an FX option

An American company $A$ has sold a manufactured product to a German company $B$, and they agree for the payment of 100,000 EUR in 1 year. What type of exposure does $B$ have? What type of exposure ...
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2answers
669 views

Can't a country grow its GDP without foreign investment?

Whenever various developing countries around the world talk about growing their economies, they talk about facilitating foreign investments and they put so much emphasis on it as if a country's ...
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1answer
502 views

How does imposing 100 percent cash margin requirement on imports help to stabilize foreign exchange reserves of a country?

My country is facing a critical depreciation of its currency's exchange rate and the central bank has introduced a 100 percent cash margin requirement on a selected set of imports. My main problem is ...
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How would a "one-way" fixed exchange rate backed by destroying foreign currency work?

Note: This question may seem really pointless, but it's actually in the context of a cryptocurrency idea I am developing, but I posed it this way as the question is not really about cryptocurrencies ...
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Is it true that the U.S has to run a chronic trade deficit with the rest of the world as a price to pay for being the world's reserve currency?

I have heard of the argument that in order for USD to be reserve currecy, the rest of the world must own enough USD to store it as reserves. In order for the rest of the world to own enough USD, U.S ...
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2answers
77 views

How does domestic demand affect the domestic currency's value

If an economy grows, due to a tax reduction for example, how does that affect the exchange rate? My logic would be that reduced taxes put more money into people's pockets, which they then use to buy ...
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Mechanics of Sterilized Intervention?

I'm looking to see if someone can help improve my understanding of sterilized intervention in FX markets. My intuition/understanding is: Assume that the domestic currency is depreciating, perhaps ...
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2answers
573 views

Abolishing all tariffs without reciprocity

Is a policy of abolishing tariffs without expecting other countries do so a sustainable economic policy? What are the arguments for or against it? Fear of imports is very common among people. Money ...
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3answers
142 views

Theoretical market capitalisation of a crypto currency?

Here’s the context. I want to know what the theoretical market capitalisation (say eg $US / Bitcoin times Q the number of coins - it doesn’t have to be Bitcoin) of a crypto currency? Assume that the ...
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2answers
3k views

Who determines the exchange rate and how?

I have almost no knowledge about economics. However, a question always comes in my mind. How exchange rate really differ? I live in Bangladesh. So how, why, who changing BDT and US Dollar exchange ...
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374 views

How does Russia have so much foreign exchange reserves?

Source Russia is under U.S. sanctions. How does Russia have so much foreign exchange reserves?
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1answer
106 views

Econometrics for currency valuation?

Different assets have different motivations and components for price determination. For example, an equity stock price might be considered to be include the value of underlying company, its potential ...
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1answer
268 views

Why imports increase if higher relative inflation?

I'm reviewing a previous AP Macroeconomics exam and I saw the following question: The United States and South Korea are trading partners, and the United States has a zero current account balance. ...