Questions tagged [gdp]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a flow measure of the value of finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period. GDP is typically calculated on an annual basis.

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Which country has the most efficient growth? [closed]

By efficient I mean "currency printed by the country's government" vs the GDP growth. The currenty printed should be measured in weight of gold, i.e. if the govt print 1 trillion of its ...
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Why does the inflation not follow the money supply?

To my understanding classical economic theory tells us that inflation occurs when the money supply is increased faster than the economic growth. Lately there has been a sharp rise in the rate of money ...
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Is importing included in the value of the final product that is calculated in GDP

I have been arguing with my friends about wheather imports are included in the gdp or not. For example, I have a locally built device that is worth 900\$. Then I imported a chip worth 100\$ and ...
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Comparing Real GDP with different base years and currencies

I have a quarterly panel data of several countries. I have taken the data from Fred. Some countries' real gdp is in chained 2010 prices and some in other years (such as 2015 and 2018). How can I make ...
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Values of A,K,N,a in Cobb-Douglas function expressing GDP

In many basic macroeconomics textbooks a Cobb-Douglas production function with constant returns to scale is used to express the output of the economy as a function of labor and capital: $Y=AK^aN^{1-a}$...
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Finding simple multiplier using G,Y,P,W

Let us say the estimated equation for the economy’s aggregate demand is Y = 400 – 15P + 8G And the estimated equation for the economy’s aggregate supply is Y = 5 + 11P – 10W where Y is the country’s ...
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How is the differential definition of money supply, velocity, and GDP defined?

I was reading: This article on money velocity (see the summary section) Where two formulas are presented: first an equality: $$\text{Quantity of Money} (M) \times \text{Velocity of Money} (V) = \...
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Would be there redistribution of wealth from actors with sticky prices to actors with more flexible prices under stagflation?

Suppose there is inflation in our country, but we take a short term, thus some prices are sticky and there is non-positive "growth" of the real GDP. In other words, we experience stagflation....
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Is GDP the market value of goods consumed or goods produced in a time period?

Definitions across various resources state that GDP is the market vaue of all goods 'produced' in a certain time period. But while calculating GDP by expenditure method, consumers' spending is one of ...
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Imports not used in the country, still counting in the GDP calculation?

When we calculating GDP we use the given formula $GDP = C + I + P + X - M$ Here $M$ means the imports. My question is: What if I am not currently using the imports. For example I might have by the ...
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What would be a an accurate metric of the real economy without the financial services sector?

A youtube video by RT predicts that China's economy will surpass the US in GDP by 2028. The conclusion was a result of projections of GDP growth for both nation's economies. According to anearlier ...
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Convert data in current US dollars to constant international dollars (PWT)

I would like to convert a nominal GDP series in US dollars to real GDP at constant PPP using Penn Wold Table (PWT) version 10.0 (see here). So far, I managed to get the real GDP at current PPP. Using ...
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Accounting for household work in the GDP

It is often told that domestic work is not included in the GDP estimates due to difficulty in measuring them. I wanted to know if there are any advances in measuring this, or any alternatives that ...
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Currency and GDP

USA's GDP (at this time) is ~21 trillion dollards, and UK's is ~2.8 trillion dollars, then how come UK's currency is more than USA's. By that I mean, 1 GBP gets you more than 1 USD.
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LM-Curve formula question

An LM Curve can be described as following $M^d(Y,i) = M_0 + M_1Y – M_2i$ $M^d = M/P$ M and P are exogen I know that $i$ is interest rate, and Y is GDP. Why is $M_1$ and $M_2$ positive? And what does $...
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Derive IS-Curve (Y)

An Economy has a GDP described by the following: $Z=C(Y −T)+G+I(r)$ $C(Y −T)=C_0 +C_1(Y −T)$ $I(r) = I_0 − I_1r$ where Z is planned expenditure, Y is GDP, T is tax, G is public consumption, I is ...
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Textbooks claim that the difference between GDP and GNP (or GNI) is about geography vs citizenship--is this correct?

Many textbooks claim that the difference between GDP and GNP is about geography vs citizenship. For example, Colander: GDP is output produced within a country’s borders; GNP is output produced by a ...
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Relationship between HICP and GDP [duplicate]

the title says it all. What is the relation between HICP and GDP. And will there be a high inflation just before recessions? So the upper graph is the percentual change of the BNP from the last year, ...
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GDP and business cycles

So the blue line is Finlands GDP, and it tells the percentual change from the last year. when the line is under 0% does it mean that it is a recession, and when it is over 0% is it an expansion? Is it ...
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What explains why Puerto Rico has much lower GNP than GDP?

I can understand why some countries like Luxembourg, Singapore, and Ireland have much lower GNP than GDP. But why is the same true for Puerto Rico? I would've thought that since lots of Puerto Ricans ...
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Economic interpretation: IS curve contra GDP in equilibrium

I have in a problem shown that for the IS curve (Y) contra the GDP in equilibrium ($Y^*$) it applies that: $\frac{\partial Y}{\partial G}>\frac{\partial Y^*}{\partial G}$. Where G is public ...
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A world only with two contries (net exporter)

We assume that we have two and only two contries: Albania and Bulgaria. There is complete free trade between the two countries. The aggregate investments in Albania are given by: $$I^A=A-ar$$ where $A,...
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How Does One Describe GDP Relations Assuming Only Wages and Profit Income in the One Person Economy?

I am trying to isolate a simple model for GDP accounting in the one person economy also known as the Crusoe economy. Because Crusoe lives alone and has dominion (exclusive control) over all items of ...
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How are housing costs reflected in factor shares of GDP?

The labour share of GDP in the UK is around 55% (Source). Presumably all labour is supplied by households and all households need a house. The average percentage of total monthly household income ...
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Connection between saving and investments-Y=C+I+G+NX [duplicate]

I understand Y-G+C = I+NX = Savings . The equation that we see everywhere in economic textbooks. I see the mathematical logic. BUT Given that I = capital investment in GDP accounting surely Savings ...
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Is this a correct way of calculating productivity? And can the proposed data be (accurately) used for doing so?

I want to know if my thinking for calculating productivity [2019-USD/hour-worked] is correct. Basics: Take the GDP of a country and divide by the total amount of hours worked in that country -> ...
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World Bank and OECD statistics unmatch tax revenue as % of GDP

I have been looking for statistics on tax revenue to GDP ratio of different countries. I've found it on World Bank website. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/GC.TAX.TOTL.GD.ZS?view=chart which ...
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How can the GDP's growth rate be positive, when the GDP decreases?

I have question about following charts in Mozambique. Here is GDP of Mozambique in 2010-2016 - https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?end=2019&locations=MZ&start=2008. You can ...
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GDP of domestic and foreign economic activities of a country

Is there an indicator which shows how much GDP of a country is generated by domestic economic activities (e.g. business between food production in Germany and agriculture in Germany) and how much GDP ...
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Does GDP typically refer to Real GDP or Nominal GDP?

I previously believed GDP typically refers to nominal and real GDP is specified explicitly. However, in data sources like this, does it refer to Real GDP growth or Nominal GDP growth? Real GDP growth ...
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GDP per Capita in Panel Data: Must the base year be the same for all cross-sections?

I'm trying to run a small project using time series in panel data. One of the variables used is the GDP per capita for a few countries (the countries are the cross-sections). Is there a problem if the ...
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Does real GDP control for changing preferences?

This claims that real gdp does not account for changing preferences. However, if preferences were to change for sneakers and subsequently pushes the price up, won't this be reflected in the changed ...
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How to find US total debt?

Sorry i'm not really an economist but I don't know where else to ask. I'm reading Ray Dalio's Big Debt Crises and he has several graphs for total US debt burdens https://imgur.com/a/tPX3LuH where it's ...
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How do you stop Hyperinflation in a Nation?

In history, I learned that the Weimar Republic had hyperinflation as a consequence of leading and striving war during World War I and placed a new currency named German Rentenmark which would be about ...
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Treatment of natural disasters and wars in consumption of fixed capital

Assets destroyed by natural disasters and wars are not included in consumption of fixed capital (CFC) in the US NIPA or the UN SNA. Suppose though that the US decided to start including such asset ...
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Is investment in real estate a real investment?

In the book The Financial Crisis and the Free Market Cure in chapter 3 author said that investment in real estate is not really investment. It is jobs that create ...
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What is the public spending / government expenditure share of GDP in Europe?

I have found data that seems to be contradicting: statista gives public spending at country level between 40% and 60%, but eurostat gives an aggregate figure of about 20%, as shown in the following ...
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Why did non-seasonally adjusted gdp usually drops on Q4 and Q1?

Yesterday, i stumble upon some of my country macroeconomic data, and i found some interesting pattern on quarter-on-quarter gdp growth, almost every Q4 and Q1 has a negative growth. After checking ...
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Does salary contribute to GDP under the expenditure approach?

The question really confuses me. On one hand, we can consider the wages as purchasing services from employees. On the other hand, the salary is also part of the cost of the products, thus it isn't &...
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What are the consequences of having negative GDP growth? [closed]

Many countries are facing negative GDP growth due to coronavirus. I am curious to know what will the significant consequences of having negative economic growth?
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What is it called when there is no personal increase of wealth but GDP increases because of mutual sales?

In a hypothetical situation, every person produces some product but instead of consuming it sells it to another person. This situation would increase the GDP whereas self-consumption doesn't. Say, ...
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Is personal produce counted in GDP?

Good day. And sorry if it's a stupid question. I came across a question on another q&a site earlier today. It was about a hypothetical scenario. The question was if everyone in a nation becomes ...
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Does national debt and its repayment assume population increase?

I assume that the repayment of an increasing national debt depends on an increasing GDP. And increasing GDP, in turn, depends mutatis mutandis on increasing population. So an increase in national ...
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What does annualised GDP shrinkage of 75% and growth of 54.6% mean?

According to Business Today (India), these are the latest figures for 2020 September 3 for GDP change in World's largest economies. In simple terms, what do GDP shrinkage of 75% and growth of 54.6% ...
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Why do the GDP baskets of different countries have different percentages?

Why might the housing part of the US GDP basket 40% of the basket, but only 17% of China's?
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Theoretical economy calculation of closed country

Is there any well-known theoretical solution to the problem as described below? I am considering an ideal very simplified case. There is a closed country/community of N people. All people are working. ...
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Is there a per country estimation of the GDP drop due to COVID?

I've been looking around for some per-country estimation of the expected GDP drop due to the COVID pandemic. I've found this answer in this site but it only mentions a few countries. I understand not ...
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How does FRED Quarterly Real Gross Domestic Product and USA GDP growth rate match?

https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/ND000334Q From this not seasonally adjusted data, Q2 GDP merely dropped 1-4305/4674=8% QoQ? What makes this number to be so different from the 32.9% decline they ...
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Why is FDI included in GDP computation but not in GNP? Similarly why is FPI included in GNP computation?

I know the difference between GDP and GNP is that the former is confined to domestic borders and the latter to nationals across the world. I also know that FPI is shorter duration and more volatile ...
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Why is the Stock Market Cap / GDP ratio on FRED well out of date?

FRED posts the Buffet Ratio here: https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/DDDM01USA156NWDB But it ends in 2017, anyone know why?

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